peritoneal mesothelioma is a relatively rare form of malignant mesothelioma, which is 20 to 25 percent of mesothelioma cases diagnosed. This type of mesothelioma affects the cells of peritoneal mesothelioma, also known as the peritoneum, which is the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity wall. In this area of the body of the mesothelium membrane supports and protects organs in the abdomen. The peritoneum consists of two layers, called visceral and parietal layers. The parietal layer is an outer layer covering the abdominal cavity, while the visceral layer covers the internal organs and intestinal tract.
All types of mesothelioma are caused by the presence of microscopic asbestos fibers more frequently in the human body by inhalation. These fibers are issued by the deterioration of asbestos or material is broken, they can float in a cloud of dust for a long time, and are ignored when inhaled. Here's how to enter the lungs and cause pleural mesothelioma in the lining of the lung. It is less clear how these fibers work their way into the abdominal cavity.
You may be ingested in some way and make your way through the intestinal tract, passing through the lungs to the outer layer. It was also suggested that pass through the body through the lymphatic system. In any case, when you hold in the peritoneum, which can cause a variety of symptoms and possibly lead to abnormal cell growth, malignant.
Although the general nature of the diffuse peritoneal mesothelioma, surgical removal is still the best option if the disease is at a stage where most or all of the malignant tissue can be removed. Situations where all the diseased tissue can be removed as far as possible, was taken and the procedure called "debulking". If possible"intracavity"chemotherapy during the surgical process in more detail for malignant target areas are still upset.
For most patients with peritoneal mesothelioma has metastasized into a body similar to treatment is palliative, and is designed to reduce the rate at which cancer spreads. If the operation is relatively successful and the following treatment has any effect on survival time can be extended beyond two years. For the partial resection of the survival period is much shorter.
In cases where surgery and chemotherapy are appropriate treatment options, palliative therapy is used to relieve symptoms, but these treatments can slow the progression of cancer. These types of treatments are used only for the treatment of pain and relieving symptoms such as accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
It's hard to find a survival period, the figures are the result of a large sample. However, the consensus seems to be that the survival of post-operative peritoneal mesothelioma is better, on average, pleural mesothelioma. Research conducted in Great Britain was followed by five patients during the 1998-2007 pm, which was cut by resection of peritoneal mesothelioma, chemotherapy followed by a complete program. Eight patients had partial resection or debulking, malignant tissues, and eight had a complete resection. The median time of survival for the partial removal of tumor tissue was the year, while patients with complete resection was 3.7 years. Each figure is clearly higher than the rates of survival for patients with pleural mesothelioma.